What are Solar Storms?

Picture: A magnetic loop, or prominence on the Sun¹.

STAGES OF A SOLAR FLARE

Picture: The Sun in soft X-rays. On the right part of the Sun, the bright part, there are post-flares. Post flares are the hot ones that remain after the flare⁵. The sources of the x-rays are shown with a graphic.

DIFFERENT TYPES OF SOLAR FLARES

Picture: The photo of the 2003 flare. The solar storm was part of a sequence of at least nine major flares over a two-week period¹¹.

HOW WAS IT DISCOVERED?

Picture: Sunspots sketched by R. Carrington on Sept. 1, 1859. © R. Astronomical Society⁴.

DIFFERENCES BETWEEN SOLAR FLARES AND CORONAL MASS EJECTIONS (CME)

Picture: A CME was taken in 2000. The Sun is blocked by a disc in order to prevent the light. The white circle indicates the Sun’s surface⁹.

EFFECTS OF SOLAR FLARES

EFFECTS ON TECHNOLOGY

EFFECTS ON SATELLITES AND SPACE TASKS

Picture: Examples of fading events associated with C-class (panel i), M-class (panel ii) and X-class (panels iii and iv) solar flare events. Each panel shows: (a) average signal strength and the received signal strength, (b) X-ray solar flux and © the amount of absorption, which is defined as the difference between the observed signal strength and average signal strength. It is easily noticed that whenever x-ray flux increases, the amount of received signal decreases like it is responding.
Picture: Number of satellites lost in connection with the March 13–14, 1989 storm, the Quebec Event (UCAR)²⁸.
Picture: The change of the orbit of ISS is shown here³².

Authors:

References:

--

--

Get the Medium app

A button that says 'Download on the App Store', and if clicked it will lead you to the iOS App store
A button that says 'Get it on, Google Play', and if clicked it will lead you to the Google Play store